Fast, reliable and safe charging possibilities are required in order to help the roll-out of electric mobility. But first, do you really know the types of connector?
There are many protocols starting from Combined Charging System (CCS) in North America and Europe, while Japan and its automakers use CHAdeMO, and China, which has the world’s largest electric vehicle market uses GB/T.
CCS (Combined Charging System):
The CCS connector uses the J1772 charging inlet, and adds two more pins below. It “combines” the J1772 connector with the high speed charging pins, which is how it got its name. Ford, Jeep, BMW, Mercedes, Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche, Honda, Kia, Fiat, Hyundai, Volvo, Jaguar Land Rover, TATA, Morris Garages and others.
CHAdeMo was developed by the Japanese utility Tepco. It is the official standard in Japan, and virtually all DC fast chargers in Japan use a CHAdeMO connector. CHAdeMO connector users are Nissan, Suzuki, Maruti Suzuki and Mitsubishi. Unlike the CCS system, CHAdeMO connectors do not share part of the connector with the J1772 inlet, so they require an additional ChadeMO inlet on the car. In 2018, Kia abandoned CHAdeMO and now offers CCS.
Tesla uses the same connector for level 1, level 2 and DC fast charge. They have dedicated DC fast chargers, called Superchargers. Tesla installed and maintains these stations. It’s a Tesla connector that accepts all voltage, so there’s no need to have a different connector specifically for DC fast charge, as the other standards require. Only Tesla customers can use these stations.
Will I get Charge Station for my Vehicle standard?
There'll be no confusion in future in terms of connectors. India will have only two connectors for the upcoming vehicles that is CCS and CHAdeMo. There are smartphone apps and Google maps that list all of the publicly available EV charging stations, and specify the plug type or connector. Even the above listing can be helpful to find the Indian car manufacturer supports which connector. Every charging unit in your respective market will come with the industry standard connector that your EV uses. Here at Charge India, we prefer commercial stations to have dual gun wallbox for smooth and convenient charging.